What is architecture?

Naked Hollywood book, Arthur Fellig, 1952
<br>via http://pleasurephoto.wordpress.com/2012/09/25/weegee-aka-arthur-fellig-ca-1952-naked-hollywood-book/<br>[consulta/visit Fev/Feb 2014]
Livre: Le museée imaginaire d’André Malraux, 1947
<br>via http://conversionumerique.wordpress.com/2012/01/29/livre-le-musee-imaginaire-dandre-malraux-1947/<br>[consulta/visit Fev/Feb 2014]
The archduke Leopold William in his paintings gallery in Brussels, David Teniers II, 1653
<br>via http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:El_archiduque_Leopoldo_Guillermo_en_su_galer%C3%ADa_de_pinturas_en_Bruselas_(David_Teniers_II).jpg<br>[consulta/visit Fev/Feb 2014]

Filipe Magalhães Porto, 1987 Co-founded fala atelier with Ana Luísa Soares. Graduated in Architecture at Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto and at Fakulteta za Arhitekturo in Ljubljana, he wrote the thesis ‘Between the abstract and the figurative’. Worked with Harry Gugger, in Basel, and SANAA and Sou Fujimoto in Tokyo.

Setting-up of a drone ate the cupula designed by ​Arch. David Moreira da Silva, Technical Unconscious, 2014<br>© Technical Unconscious / Nicole Tsangaris, 2014
​Display of the construction charters of the Stone Masons Cooperative, Technical Unconscious, 2014<br>© Technical Unconscious / Nicole Tsangaris, 2014
Post-Materials Archive, set of plaster molds o​f stone decoration, Technical Unconscious, 2014<br>© Technical Unconscious / Nicole Tsangaris, 2014

Inês Moreira Porto, 1977 Is an architect, researcher and curator. She graduated from the Faculty of Architecture of Porto University in 2001. She completed a master degree in Theory of Architecture and Urban Culture from UPC-Barcelona in 2003. She obtained her PhD degree from the Goldsmiths College, University of London, in 2013. Her curatorial projects approach specific spaces (as post-industrial hangars, burnt historical buildings, minor architectures, or abandoned museums) exploring knowledge oriented research/production in the intersection of art, architecture, techno-science and the humanities.

Adam and Eve, 1531, Lucas Cranach<br>Via www.wikiart.org
Portugal, 2014<br>© Miguel Marcelino
Índia, 2013<br>© Miguel Marcelino

Miguel Marcelino Ponta Delgada, 1981 Is graduated in Architecture from the Autónoma University of Lisbon in 2005. He also studied music at the Gregorian Institute of Lisbon, from 1993 to 1998. Currently lives and works in Lisbon. Worked with Herzog & de Meuron (Basel, Switzerland, 2003/04) and Bonell & Gil (Barcelona, Spain, 2005/07). In 2008, back to Lisbon, establishes his own office and wins his first open competition. In 2014, he makes part of the official Portuguese representation at the Venice Biennale of Architecture. www.marcelino.pt

Mong Kok skyline, Hong Kong, Ago/Aug 2014<br>© Filipe Afonso
Patterns, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong, Out/Oct 2014<br>© Filipe Afonso
Public space, Central, Hong Kong, Out/Oct 2014<br>© Filipe Afonso

Filipe Afonso Porto, 1975 Graduated in architecture at Escola Superior Artística do Porto in 2001. MArch in Genetic Architecture, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona. 

From 2006 founding partner of Arquitectos Anónimos®, extending his previous backgrounds and digital-computational knowledge on projects to the practice of architecture. From 2010 he is assistant professor at Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias and from 2011 at Escola Superior de Artes e Design. From 2014 he is visiting professor at University Innsbruck and assistant professor at Chinese University of Hong Kong, School of Architecture.

Pedro Cabrita Reis, Room for a poet (2000)<br>Original Photo: Dirk Pauwels<br>Image from the book: Pedro Cabrita Reis – Todas as Obras, Bial, Lisboa, 2006
Bill Viola, Ascencion (2000)<br>Video still <a href='http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fd-kpj1-3uI' title='Bill Viola, Ascencion (2000)' target='_blank'>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fd-kpj1-3uI</a>
Eduardo Chillida, Door of music (1993)<br>Original Photo: David Finn<br>Image from the book: Chillida, Könemann, Madrid, 1999

Lucinda Correia Lagos, 1975 Is an architect and pedagogue. Co-founder and director of Artéria, she is responsible for the design and project coordination and the supervision of educational programmes under the concepts of space and architecture. She graduated at the FA-UTL, Lisbon and received her Postgraduate’s degree in Emerging Cultures and Speeches: from Criticism to Artistic Expressions, at the FCSH-UNL/Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. She is currently preparing her PhD research on the implications of the legal conceptual framework in architectural practice. www.arteria.pt

<a href='http://photosynth.net/view/818bff70-be04-4881-bbf9-cf8eb3e6c660' title='© José Paulo Goinhas' target='_blank'>http://photosynth.net/view/818bff70-be04-4881-bbf9-cf8eb3e6c660</a><br>© José Paulo Goinhas
<a href='http://photosynth.net/view/1d7e6586-0398-4eec-9af4-18553c8fc3d3
' title='© José Paulo Goinhas' target='_blank'>http://photosynth.net/view/1d7e6586-0398-4eec-9af4-18553c8fc3d3
</a><br>© José Paulo Goinhas
<a href='http://photosynth.net/view/c7f3a8a1-60d6-4be4-a950-0f1295ee3ece' title='© José Paulo Goinhas' target='_blank'>http://photosynth.net/view/c7f3a8a1-60d6-4be4-a950-0f1295ee3ece</a><br>© José Paulo Goinhas

Paulo Albuquerque Goinhas Beja,1977 Is M.Psy. in Community Psychology at ISPA-IU in 2013 and graduated in Architecture at the Lusíada University of Lisbon in 2001. Founding partner of EMBAIXADA Arquitectura, an award-winning Lisbon based architectural studio established in 2002.

“As cortinas da casa do metafísico”, Susana Ventura, Lisboa, 2014
“The living room”, Erling Mandelmann, Petite Maison, 1964<br>© Moser, Patrick (ed.); Erling Mandelmann: le photographe, le musicien et l’architecte.<br>Corseaux: Éditions Castagniéé, Communce de Corseaux, Villa “Le Lac”, 2010.
“Desejo”, Susana Ventura, Tóquio, 2014

Susana Ventura Coimbra, 1978 Is currently developing a post-doc research project untitled Towards an intensive architecture at FAUP, where is also member of the Center for Studies in Architecture and Urbanism (CEAU-FAUP). Awarded, in 2014, with the Fernando Távora’s Prize with the proposal Expedition to an intensive architecture, an expedition journey to Japan, Center and North Europe. PhD in Philosophy – Aesthetics at FCSH-UNL, 2013, with the thesis Architecture’s Body without Organs, supervised by the renown Philosopher and Professor José Gil, which included research residences at the architecture studios of Diller Scofidio + Renfro (New York), Lacaton & Vassal (Paris) and Peter Zumthor (Haldenstein). Architecture Graduate from darq - FCTUC, 2003, with the final graduation thesis I have a Crow in my head when I lay down among the garden grass about the concept of happiness in the thought of Le Corbusier.

Tibete, 2007<br>China Photos / Getty images<br>Via www.gettyimages.pt
Anasazi, EUA<br>Anasazi Photography<br>Via www.anasaziphoto.com
Vilanova Artigas, São Paulo<br>Via http://www.archdaily.com.br/br/01-13942/feliz-dia-do-arquiteto

Sérgio Antunes Lisboa, 1977Is an architect graduated at Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa and at Universitá della Svizzera Italiana - Accademia di Architettura, Mendrizio (2003). He was one of the founders of the collective Kaputt! in 2003. In 2010 founded, together with Luca Martinucci the collective 18:25 Empreiteiros Digitais. Also in 2010 he founded the studio Aurora Arquitectos with Sofia Reis Couto. He has been spokesman of the different organizations he has been part of in conferences, seminars and workshops.

© Pedro Jordão (com Sofia Santos)
© Pedro Jordão (com Sofia Santos)
© Pedro Jordão (com Sofia Santos)

Pedro Jordão Aveiro, 1977Is a Portuguese architect. He holds a degree in architecture from the University of Coimbra and has since divided his activity between architecture and cultural programming. He was the founder and first director of NU magazine and has since contributed to several publications and conferences. He has experience as a college professor and as a curator, in initiatives like HabitarPortugal or Guimarães 2012 European Capital of Culture. Besides architecture, he was artistic director in Teatro Aveirense and in other cultural venues, specially related to music and film.

© Natasha Giles
© Natasha Giles
© Natasha Giles

Kirill de Lancastre Jedenov Rio de Janeiro, 1976Current research is Nature as Process. He is Assistant Professor at the University of Western Australia and practices architecture at Jedenov Arquitectura. He has studied and/or worked at Kaputt! Arquitectos, ISCTE-IUL, Universität Innsbruck, Universidade Lusófona de Lisboa and Universidade Lusíada de Lisboa, among others.

Drawing exercise<br>Source: New Methods in Education: Art, Real Manual Training, Nature Study, by James Liberty Tadd (New York: Orange Judd Company, 1899).
Stones for jumping, Aldo Van Eyck<br>Local: Zaanhof, Spaarndammerbuurt, Amsterdam-Oudwest,1959<br>Source: Aldo van Eyck: the playgrounds and the city, Stedelijk Museum, 2002
Street protest, France, May 1968<br>Via http://marxisttheory.org/maoism-in-east-and-west/

Mariana Pestana Viseu, 1982Is an architect and curator. She has a degree in architecture from the University of Porto (FAUP) and a MA in Narrative Environments from Central Saint Martins College of Arts and Design. She lives and works in London, where she co-directs the collective The Decorators, with whom she develops curatorial projects and interventions in the public realm. She is doing a PhD at the Bartlett School of Architecture and is a lecturer at Chelsea College of Arts, University of the Arts London. Mariana recently curated the exhibition “The Real and Other Fictions” for Close, Closer, 2013 Lisbon Architecture Triennale and integrated the Official Portuguese Representation at the Venice Architecture Biennale 2014.

Samuel Mockbee – Butterfly House, Mason's Bend, Hale County, Alabama, USA 1997 <br>Via http://www.cooperhewitt.org/2012/12/23/citizen-architect/
Diébédo Francis Kéré - Primary School, Gando, Burkina Faso 1999-2001<br> Via http://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/2010/smallscalebigchange/projects/primary_school
Lina Bo Bardi – MASP, São Paulo, Brazil 1968<br>Via http://arqvip.com.br/masp-lina-bo-bardi/

Pedro Clarke Cambridge, 1983Was born in the UK and grew up in Lisbon, Portugal. Studied architecture at FAUP- Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto, where he graduated in 2007, and AHO- Arkitektur Høgskollen i Oslo. Currently completing a Masters Degree on Development and Emergency Practice at CENDEP- Centre for Development and Emergency Practice, Oxford Brookes University, UK. After working in both emerging and developed countries established A+Architecture in 2014, in order to focus on making architecture more accessible to all.

Photocopies digitalization of a photocopy of a tridimensional image of the Elbphilharmonie, Hamburg, by Herzog & de Meuron, 2010<br>© Herzog & de Meuron<br>Via http://www.dezeen.com/2010/05/28/elbphilharmonie-by-herzog-de-meuron/
Photocopy digitalization of a photography by Júlio Covello “Lord, Save from the images”<br>Source: Valêncio Xavier “Minha mãe morrendo e o menino mentido”. São Paulo, Companhia das letras (2001)
Photocopies digitalization of a photocopy of a drawing by Mies van der Rohe, skyscraper in Friedrichstrasse, Berlin (1921)<br>© MOMA<br>Via http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=787

Pedro Levi Bismarck Porto, 1983Architect graduated in FAUP. Editor of Punkto Magazine (www.revistapunkto.com). Researcher in CEAU and FCT fellow. Is currently developing is PhD thesis. His research inhabits a thematic field placed between architecture, space, politics and vocation, with the aim of (re)thinking a certain political condition and artistic vocation of the making of architecture.

© António Louro
© António Louro
© António Louro

António Louro Lisboa, 1978Architect graduated by the Faculdade de Arquitectura - Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. He was one of the founders of the art and architecture studio MOOV where he worked between 2003 and 2013. In the beginning of 2014, he founded the architecture office FURO. He lives and works in Lisbon.

Geometry - Shell.ter, LIKEarchitects, Vila Nova de Cerveira, 2012<br>© João Marques
Space - The Andy Warhol Temporary Museum, LIKEarchitects, Lisboa, 2013<br>© Fernando Guerra
Programme - Fountain Hacks, LIKEarchitects, Guimarães, 2012<br>© Dinis Sottomayor

Diogo Aguiar Porto, 1983Architect, holds a degree by Faculdade de Arquitectura da Universidade do Porto since 2008. He has worked with UNStudio in Amsterdam. Since 2010 he is a co-founder of LIKEarchitects, a collective based in Porto and awarded with the Archdaily Building of the Year 2010, International Space Design Award (China) and Minsk International Biennale of Young Architects (Belarus) and nominated to Detail Prize 2011 (Germany) and Prémis FAD 2013 (Spain), among others. In an individual basis, he is co-author of Eco-Resort Pedras Salgadas, built in 2012 and awarded with Archdaily Building of the Year 2012. Recently, he joined the Portuguese official representation at the Venice Architecture Biennale 2014.

What is architecture?

What is architecture? "What is architecture?" is, by nature, an open question. In a certain way, the history of the discipline can be understood as a sequence of definitions that, trying to stabilize the meaning of architecture, paradoxically put it in motion. Therefore, in the universe of possible answers to this question, relations, interceptions and oppositions emerge, which may, more than anything, keep the interrogative condition. In the limit, it is for not knowing the answer that we permanently question its field, meaning and limits. The replacement of the question, one and another time again, expresses the vitality and plurality inherent in the very definition of architecture. Under the project of the online residencies RAUM platform, we pose this question to a group of 15 Portuguese Architects who were born after the revolution of 1974. If the question is in textual mode, the answer that we have required is visual, given the structural relationship that architects establish with images. In a broad spectrum of disciplinary activity, we asked these young architects to present a definition of architecture in the form of a triptych. Between 10 and 25 December 2014, we will daily publish on the RAUM platform one definition of architecture. The definition that will emerge in the whole series along the two weeks is, for now, an open question.

arqa | Architecture and Art magazine
(Luís Santiago Baptista e Paula Melâneo)

What is architecture?15 Architects